“Vaandhaarai Vaazhaveikkum Chennai”- A city that nurtures and provides abode each and everyone who comes here.

Chennai, earlier known ad Madras Patnam has become the Detroit of Asia while traveling through the pages of history. Earlier it has been ruled by the magnificent ruler of Chola, Pallava and Pandya dynasty. Then the Vijaynagar ruler conquered it. Later on, the city was colonized by many like Portuguese and English. Being located near the Bay of Bengal, it became one of the trading hubs. The Britishers with their East India Company proved their supremacy over Madras by building Fort St George. The city witnessed the 3 famous Carnatic wars from 1744 to 1763 with Britishers winning over the French. All the rulers who ruled the city have built many notable monuments and made sure the culture and heritage of India are preserved.

The Madras Presidency became one of the four major divisions of the British era India. With the trading efforts, it grew as one of the top commercial centers of the country. Later on, it became Chennai in the year 1996. With its rich history and modernization, the city welcomes many tourists almost every day. Right from the business persons to a honeymoon couple, everyone visits the city regularly. You can always book a hotel room in Chennai to rip the maximum benefits. If you are traveling with your partner, then book an affordable couple-friendly hotel at Chennai. There are also many hotel rooms on an hourly basis or 24 hourly check in  hotel rooms available for solo travelers. The best place to book a hotel room is near the Chennai airport. You can also book a room near the Chennai railway station to save some travel time.

Chennai showcases complete India in a platter. You can go through the pages of history in the single city which has so many stories hidden inside. Here are the top 10 places to visit in Chennai to understand the history of India.

1-St George Fort

This is an iconic monument that will give you lots of information about Old Madras. It was constructed in the year 1644 by the East India Company for a trading post. It is now the seat of The Government of Tamil Nadu and also the Legislative Council Chambers sits there. The architectural style of the fort is one of the best in the country which gives more military vibes. This is a must-visit place for all the history loves who wants to get a glimpse of the initial buildings constructed by East India Company. Today, the Archaeological Survey of India has taken the charge of taking care of the heritage property.

Timing- 9am – 5pm

Entry Fee- INR 5 – Indians

                  INR 100 – Foreigners

Location- Rajaji Salai.

2-Government Museum

This single museum can give you a clear picture of the entire history of India. Built-in the year 1851, it is the second oldest museum in the country. It houses 1100 geological specimens and also consists of different complexes within the campus such as the National Art Gallery, Children’s Museum, Contemporary Art Gallery, Bronze Gallery, Front Building and Main Building. Apart from all these, it also harbors a rich and massive collection of bronze artifacts, painting of the famous artist Raja Ravi Varma, British historical sculptures, etc. it is a must-visit for all the history buffs.

Timing- 9:30am – 5pm

Entry Fee- INR 15 – Indian (Adult), 10 (Children)

                  INR 250 – Foreigners (Adult), 200 (Children)

Location- Pantheon Road, Egmore

3-Kapaleeshwar Temple

Kapaleeshwar means Lord Shiva. This temple is a 7th century CE built by the Pallavas. Later it was destroyed by the Portuguese and was rebuilt by Vijayanagar rulers. This is an iconic monument which depicts that Lord Shiva was one of the prime deity who was worshipped during the ancient times. The main attraction of the temple is the dome which is over 37 meters tall.

Timing- 6am – 1pm, 4pm – 8pm

Entry Fee- Free

Location- Mylapore

4-Valluvar Kottam Monument

Built-in the year 1976 to pay tribute to the great Tamil poet Thiruvalluvar. He is one of the notable people of the country, a saint and author of Thirukkural. All the 133 chapters of the poet’s work have been inscribed beautifully in the front hall corridor. It harbors Asia’s second-largest auditorium which has a seating capacity of around 4000 people.

Timing- 8am – 5:30pm

Location- Vallur Kottam High Road

5-Adyar Theosophical Society, Chennai

It was founded in the year 1875 by Madame Blavatsky and Colonel Henry S Olcott. The beautiful green campus surely hides a lot of history for the tourists to watch and experience. The main attraction of this campus is the shrines belonging to different religions like Hindu, Buddhists, Christians, Zoroastrians, and Muslims. Apart from all these, there is a 450-year-old Banyan tree which is a must-see. It will be a nice retreat to stay at a hotel in Adyar in Chennai and visit this beautiful place with your partner.

Timings- 8:30 am – 10 am and 2 pm – 4 pm

Entry fee- Free

Location – Blavatsky Avenue, Adyar

6-Ripon Building

This iconic building from the British era was built in the year 1913. It is a representation of the Indo Saracenic style of architecture. It was built by Logantha Mudaliar and now is the official seat of Chennai Corporation. It has a 2.5-meter clock which is also known as Westminster Chiming Clock.

Timing- 10am – 6pm

Location- Sydenhams Road, Periamet

7-Tirupati Devasthanam Balaji

It is the most famous Hindu temple in South India. The temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. People from all over the world rush to this place to have a glimpse of God. Through the years starting from 966 CE many rulers have contributed towards the construction and functioning of the temple. it is constructed in the Dravidian style of Architecture and inscribed with many historical stories on the walls. Many newly wed couples visit to seek the lord's blessings.

Timings- 10am – 6pm

Location- Sriperumbudur

8-Madras High Court

The High Court of Judicature at Madras was inaugurated in the year 1862 by Queen Victoria. It is a major landmark in the country since it is the second-largest law office in the entire world. It has been designed by Henry Irwin in an Indo – Saracenic style of architecture. The iconic domes, corridor, brick color, and ceiling are some of the things that you must see while you are in Chennai.

Timings- 10:30am to 2:30pm

Location- Parrys, George Town

9-Thousand Lights Mosque

It is one of the most beautiful and esteemed mosques in the country. It was built in the year 1810 by the Wallajah family of the Carnatic rulers. It has a traditional Islamic style of architecture with domes and high minarets. This mosque is dedicated to Imam Hossein, the grandson of the first prophet Muhammad. It is said that a thousand lights are needed to be lit to light the assembly hall. The walls of the mosque have been inscribed with the lines taken from the Quran.

Timings- 5:30 am – 8:30am

Location - Nungambakkam

10-Santhome Cathedral Basilica

It one of the popular destinations in Chennai. Built-in the 16th century by the Portuguese, it has the classic Neo-Gothic style of architecture. Later, it was rebuilt by the Britishers in the year 1893. It tells a lot of history through its architecture, stories, and construction.

Timings- 6 am – 9 pm

Entry Fee- Free

Location- Santhome High Road.

These are just a glimpse of what the grand city offers you. There are many more to see and many more to experience if you visit the city. With the delicious food, colorful streets, lively people, and rich history, the city is indeed the gateway to South India. The city is a classic combination of tradition and modernization. The people are very passionate about music and they have quite a good collection of Tamil songs also.  The feeling of “Namma Chennai” fits well for the city dwellers there.