I asked my soul: What is Delhi? She replied: The world is the body and Delhi is its life”-Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib

“Dilwalon ka seher, Dilli” is not just a quote but a feeling altogether. The majestic city of New Delhi is one of the most beautiful, lively, and flawless cities in the world. It has been made the capital of India because of its rich history. Delhi has been referred to in many historic manuscripts serving as the capital of many dynasties. Right from the age of the prehistoric era during the Mahabharata times, Indraprastha has been the capital of Pandavas as per the common narrative. It has been said that the Indraprastha during that time is what today’s Delhi is. But there has been no reference to these sayings. The 1st official reference of Delhi was made during the 1st century BC by Raja Dhilu who built a city there. After that, the city of Delhi was invaded by many inside and outside rulers and was made the capital. The kings and the queens used to rule over entire India by sitting at Delhi. Some came to destroy and loot Delhi and some came to rule the entire Hindustan. If we go into the pages of history, Delhi has been ruled by many dynasties starting from Rajputs, Delhi Sultanate, Mughals and Britishers. In between, it has been also raided by Marathas, Nader Shah of Persia, etc. All these rulers time and again shaped the entire face of Delhi many times. The name itself was changed so many times. Even the Britishers shifted their capital from Calcutta to Delhi in the year 1922 and a 3 member committee was formed to plan the construction of the new administrative center. The rulers during their timeline have many monuments and sculptures to their credit. The monuments are from different timelines and have varied architectural styles. This gives Delhi a true amalgamation of different styles looped into a city.

With multiple wear and tear, wars, and the remake of the city, Delhi got its true essence through the historical events. Many historians take a special interest to visit Delhi and have a view about the rich culture and heritage of the city. The city also welcomes a great many couples who want to spend their honeymoon amongst the historical vibes. You can always book a couple-friendly hotel in Delhi if you are visiting with your partner. For college students and solo travelers, there are some affordable hotel rooms in Delhi as well. It will be best to book a hotel room near Delhi airport. If you are traveling via train, there are many hotel rooms near New Delhi railway station. You can book them as per your convenience. This will help you save some traveling time as well. When you are in Delhi, there are 15 monuments worth visiting which will give you a clear picture of the age-old history of Delhi, right from the period of Rajputs to the post Independence era.

1-Humayun’s Tomb

Built-in the Mughal era, this epic monument is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the mausoleum of Mughal ruler Humayun and was built in the year 1570 with the patronage of Emperor Akbar. It is one of the sparkling examples of the earliest Mughal architecture and is the inspiration behind the architecture of the Taj Mahal. It is made of sandstone and stood in a Charbagh style of gardens with pools that are connected to canals.  

Timing- 8am-6pm

Entry Fee- INR 10 – Indians

                  INR-250 – Foreigners

Location- Mathura Road

2-Red Fort

Commonly known as Lal Quila, this sandstone structure has been built in the year 1638 by Shah Jahan. It took around 10 years to be completed and is also declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007. There are many complexes of palaces enclosed within the fort such as Diwan-i- Am (Public Audience) and Diwan –i-Khas (Private Audience). If you are in a trip with your partner, then there are many couple friendly hotels near Red fort in Delhi where you can comfortably stay and continue with your history trip.

Timing- 9:30am – 4:30am

Entry Fee- INR-10 – Indians

                  INR 250 – Foreigners

Location- Netaji Subhash Road, Chandni Chowk

3-Qutub Minar

One of the most famous historical monuments in Delhi, Qutub Minar was built in the year 1193 by Qutub-ud-din–Aibak. But was completed by Iltutmish and Firoz Shah Tuglak simultaneously. It was constructed to celebrate the Muslim supremacy in Delhi. It is a 73 m high tower whose 1st three levels are made of red sandstone and the last 2 and made up of marble and sandstone.

Timing- 6 am – 6 pm

Entry Fees- INR 10 – Indians

                    INR 250 – Foreigners

Location- Mehrauli

4-Isa Khan’s Tomb

Located near the Humayun’s Tomb, this octagonal shaped red sandstone mausoleum was built in the year 1547 during the reign of Sher Shah Suri. The tomb was beautifully decorated with varnished tiles, ornate canopies, and many verandas around.

Timing- 8 am – 6 pm

Entry Fees- INR 10 – Indians

                    INR 250 – Foreigners

Location- Nizamuddin

5-Lodi Gardens

It is one of the loveliest escape for Delhi people and one of the famous tourist attractions. It has tombs from the Lodi and Sayyed dynasties named as tombs of Sikander Lodi and Muhammad Shah. With over 100 species of trees and many variant species of birds, it is one of the go-to places for local joggers and a well-known picnic spot.

Timing- 6am – 7:30pm

Entry fees- free

Location- Lodhi Road

6-Safdarjung’s Tomb

This Mughal style architectural monument was built in the year 1754 by Nawab Shuja ud Daula and is the mausoleum of Safdarjung. It is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India. It contains small complexes like Moti Mahal, Jangli Mahal, Badsha Pasand, a library, and a mosque.

Timing- 7 am – 6 pm

Entry fees- INR 5 – Indians

                   INR 100 – Foreigners

Location- Lodhi Estate

7-Alai Darwaza

Built by Alauddin Khiliji in 1311 AD, Alai Darwaza was constructed using red sandstone and decorated with white marble. It is one of the first building in India which was built using an Islamic architectural style.

Timing- 6am – 6:30pm

Entry fee- INR 10 – Indians

                  INR 250 – Foreigners

Location- Qutub Minar Complex

8-Jama Masjid

Situated in Old Delhi, Jama Masjid is the oldest mosque in India. Built by Shah Jahan, it has three great gates, four towers and two 40 m high minarets. Built with red sandstone and white marble, this mosque can hold around twenty-five thousand worshippers.

Timing- 7 am in summers

              8 am in winters

Entry fee- Free

Location- Off Netaji Subhash Marg

9-Purana Qila (Old Fort)

It is one of the oldest forts in India which is built by the Afghan King, Sher Shah Suri. It is rectangular and has a circuit of nearly 2 km. The massive gateway and walls of Purana Quila were built by Humayun. It is also a venue for the spectacular sound and light show in the evening.

Timings- 5:30am – 7pm

Entry Fee- INR 5 – Indians

                  INR 100 – Foreigners

Light and Sound show- INR 80

Location- Mathura Road

10-Jantar Mantar

Constructed by Maharaja Jai Singh of Jaipur in 1724, this historical monument is designed to observe the astronomical positions with the naked eye. It has various instruments such as Samrat Yantra, Jayaprakash Yantra, and Misra Yantra that helped with the predictions. Many history lovers who have special interest in astrology are frequent visitors to this place. They book hourly hotels in Delhi to get on with their journey comfortably.

Timing- 6am – 6pm

Entry Fee- INR 5 – Indians

                  INR 100 – Foreigners

Location- Sansad Marg

11-Tughlaqbad fort

Built by the founder of the Tughlaq Dynasty, Ghias-ud-din Tughlaq in 1321, this monument is a massive stone structure that has walls that are around 10 to 15 meters high. It is a ruined fort which has 52 gates initially, out of which 13 remain.

Timings- 8am – 6pm

Entry Fee- INR 5 – Indians

                  INR 100 – Foreigners (No entry fee for children below 15 years

Location- Mehrauli-Badarpur Road

12-India gate

India Gate, an “Arc-de-Triomphe” like archway commemorates the 70000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives fighting for the British Army during World War 1. It is one of the most popular monuments and designed by Edwin Lutyens. It was unveiled in the year 1933. staying at a couple friendly hotel near India Gate and going for a walk early in the morning with your partner in and around the place is one of the best things that you can do in here.

Timing- 24 hours daily

Entry Fee- Free

Location- Rajpath Marg

13-Ajmeri gate

From the Ajmer gate, the road goes straight to Ajmer in Rajasthan. It is surrounded by a beautiful park and a madrasa that was built in 1811 by the son of the first Nizam of Hyderabad, Nawab Ghaziuddin Bahadur.

Timing- Sunrise to Sunset

Entry fee- Free

Location- Chandni Chowk

14-Coronation durbar park

Also known as Coronation Memorial, it was the venue of the Delhi Durbar in the year 1877 after Queen Victoria was declared as the empress of India. Later in 1903, the venue was used to celebrate King Edward’s assumption to the throne. The park also houses a magnificent tall statue of King George V.

Timing- 6am – 6pm

Entry Fee- Free

Location- Bhai Parmanand Marg

15-Rashtrapati Bhawan

The Presidential Estate of India, The Rashtrapati Bhawan is built in the year 1912-1929 which was formerly known as the Viceroy’s House is the official residence of the President of India. Built by the famous British architect Edwin Landseer Lutyens, this palace has got 340 rooms. It was 1st occupied by Lord Irwin and later by C Rajagopalachari post-independence. It is the dream of every citizen to visit the massive estate once in their lifetime.

Timing- 9:30am to 5:30pm. It may vary depending upon the days

Entry Fees- INR 50

Location- President’s Estate

These are just a few glimpses of what the city has to offer in the matter of history. There are many unexplored tourist attractions in Delhi where you must visit. Planning a trip, booking a hotel in Delhi, and visiting these monuments will take to back to the pages of history that you have been reading till now.

“DELHI- The ruins of an old city, markets, monuments, broken mansions, the zigzag of roads, the still sad times of music past and rising from it, her mother, wind in her hair, laughing like a witch.”- Debotri Dhar