Evolution in language is similar to man growing from the apes – it happens bit by bit, generation by generation, thus there’s no distinct edge between one language and therefore the next language that develops from it. Therefore, it’s not possible to say that one language is truly older than the other one; they’re all as old as humanity itself. That said, these languages below incorporates a tiny special thing—something ancient—to differentiate it from the big pool of them.
Forming a part of the Dravidian language family, which incorporates variety of languages native largely to southern and eastern India, it's also the official language of the state of Tamil Nadu. Tamil, a language spoken by almost 78 million individuals and recognized as an official language in Sri Lanka and Singapore, is the last classical language that has survived all the hardships through to today's world. Researchers have found inscriptions in Tamil dating back to the third century BCE, and it's been in continuous use ever since. in contrast to Sanskrit, another ancient Indian language that fell out of common usage around 600 BCE and have become principally a religious rite language, Tamil is continuing to develop and is currently the 20th most commonly-spoken language in the world. It's the go to language if you have a stay in any of the hotels in Chennai.
Hebrew could be a funny case, since it basically fell out of common usage around 400 CE and so remained preserved as a liturgical language for Jews across the globe. However, along side the increase of Zionism in 19th and 20th century, Hebrew went through a revival procedure to become the official language of Israel. Whereas today's version differs from the Biblical version, native speakers of Hebrew can totally comprehend what's written in the Old Testament and its connected texts. Because the earliest speakers of contemporary Hebrew usually had Yiddish as their language, Hebrew has in many ways been influenced by this alternative Jewish language.
Icelandic is another Indo-European language, hailing from the North Germanic Branch (just for comparison, English is additionally a Germanic language, however from the west germanic branch). Several Germanic languages have optimised themselves and lost a number of the traits that alternative Indo-European languages have (you’ve most likely never heard of a case, for instance, unless you’ve studied Latin or a Slavic language), but Icelandic has developed far more cautiously and preserved several of those features. Danish governance of the country from the 14th to the 20th century additionally had little or no impact on the language, thus it's principally gone unchanged since Norse settlers brought it there after they came to the country, and Icelandic speakers will simply read the sagas written centuries before.
Farsi is the direct descendant of old Persian, that was the language of the Persian Empire. Today's Persian took form around 800 CE, and one amongst the traits that differentiates it from several current languages is that it's modified comparatively very little since then. You may not hear it in hotels in Delhi but anywhere above Pakistan on the map, and you just might need it. Speakers of Persian nowadays may acquire a chunk of writing from 900 CE and read it with significantly less problem than an English speaker could read, say, William Shakespeare.
The Slavic language family, which has Russian, Polish, Czech, and Croatian, among others, is comparatively young as far as languages go. They only started ripping off from their common root, Common Slavic (or Proto-Slavic), once Cyril and Methodius standardized the language, making what's currently referred to as old Church Slavonic, and created an alphabet for it. They then took the language north with them in the 9th century as they visited convert the Slavs to Christianity.
Finnish may not have been written down until the 16th century, but as with any language, it has a history that stretches back far earlier than that. It is a member of the Finno-Ugric language family, which also includes Estonian, Hungarian, and several smaller languages spoken by minority groups across Siberia. Despite that, Finnish includes many loan words, which were adopted into Finnish from other language families over the centuries. In many cases, Finnish has retained these loan words closer to their original form than the language that they came from. The word for mother, aiti, for example, comes from Gothic – which, of course, is no longer spoken. The word for king, kuningas, comes from the old Germanic word *kuningaz – which no longer exists in any Germanic language.
The Caucasus region is a real hotbed for linguists. Most of the major languages of the 3 south Caucasian countries, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, are from 3 totally different language families – respectively Indo-European, Turkic, and Kartvelian. Georgian is the biggest Kartvelian language, and it's the sole Caucasian language with an ancient literary tradition. Its lovely and distinctive alphabet is additionally quite old – it's thought to have been tailored from Aramaic as way back as the third century AD.
You need to thank colonialism for at least one thing that it spread English at least to the extent where you won't need any of these languages for online hotel booking. Travelling is not that complex, and still a common ground to unite countries and ethnicities.