Dharavi, also spelled Daravi, Darravy, Dorrovy is a locality in Mumbai, India. It houses one of the largest slums in the world. Dharavi slum was founded in 1882s during the British colonial era. Most of the property was owned by Shantilal Nemchand and Co, once they sold it off in the mid 1940's, the slum grew exponentially. This was in part because of an expulsion of factories and residents from peninsular city center by colonial government, and from rural poor migrating into urban Mumbai . It is currently a multi-religious, multi-ethnic, diverse settlement. Dharavi's total population estimates vary between 300,000 to about 1 million. This makes Dharavi the most densely populated place on the planet. Dharavi has an active informal economy in which numerous household enterprises employ many of the slum residents. It exports goods around the world. Leather, textiles and pottery products are among the goods made inside Dharavi by the slum residents. The total annual turnover has been estimated at over US$500 million. Dharavi has suffered through many incidences of epidemics and other disasters. It currently covers an area of 217 hectares .
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